an exercise in miscellany

Operation Highjump

In operations and projects on December 30, 2010 at 10:25 am

Operation Highjump (OpHjp), officially titled The United States Navy Antarctic Developments Program, 1946-47, was a United States Navy operation organized by RADM Richard E. Byrd Jr USN (Ret) and commanded by CAPT Richard H Cruzen, USN. Operation High Jump began on 26 August 1946 and ended in late February 1947, six months earlier than planned. Task Force 68 included 4,700 men, 13 ships, and multiple aircraft. The primary mission of Operation High Jump was to establish the Antarctic research base Little America IV.

The stated claims of the operation were as follows:

1. to train personnel and test material in the frigid zones

2. to consolidate and extend American sovereignty over the largest practical area of the Antarctic continent

3. to determine the feasibility of establishing and maintaining bases in the Antarctic and to investigate possible base sites

4. to develop techniques for establishing and maintaining air bases on the ice, with particular attention to the later applicability of such techniques to operations in interior Greenland. (where, it was then believed, physical and climatic conditions resembled those in Antarctica)

5. to amplify existing knowledge of hydrographic, geographic, geological, meteorological and electromagnetic conditions in the area.

via Operation Highjump

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